Discover the Surprising Differences Between Conformity and Obedience in Social Psychology with Cognitive Science.
||Define group dynamics as the study of how people interact in groups and how those interactions affect behavior.
||Group dynamics can influence both conformity and obedience.
||Group dynamics can lead to groupthink, where individuals prioritize group harmony over critical thinking.
||Explain behavioral conformity as the tendency to conform to the behavior of others in a group.
||Behavioral conformity can be driven by both normative pressure (the desire to fit in) and informational influence (the belief that others have more accurate information).
||Behavioral conformity can lead to a lack of creativity and independent thinking.
||Describe authority figures as individuals who hold power and influence over others.
||Authority figures can exert both normative and informational influence on group members.
||Blind obedience to authority figures can lead to unethical behavior.
||Define informational influence as the tendency to conform to the beliefs or actions of others because we believe they have more accurate information.
||Informational influence can lead to positive outcomes, such as increased accuracy in decision-making.
||Informational influence can also lead to group polarization, where group members become more extreme in their beliefs.
||Explain normative pressure as the desire to fit in with a group and avoid rejection.
||Normative pressure can lead to conformity even when individuals disagree with the group.
||Normative pressure can also lead to groupthink and a lack of critical thinking.
||Describe power dynamics as the ways in which power is distributed and exercised within a group.
||Power dynamics can influence both conformity and obedience.
||Unequal power dynamics can lead to abuse of power and unethical behavior.
||Define conformity bias as the tendency to conform to the beliefs or actions of others without critically evaluating them.
||Conformity bias can lead to groupthink and a lack of independent thinking.
||Conformity bias can also lead to poor decision-making and negative outcomes.
||Explain obedience studies as experiments that investigate the extent to which individuals will obey authority figures, even when it goes against their own moral code.
||Obedience studies have shown that individuals are more likely to obey authority figures when they are in a position of power and when the consequences of disobedience are unclear.
||Obedience studies have been criticized for their ethical implications and lack of real-world applicability.
||Describe cognitive dissonance as the discomfort or mental stress that arises when an individual holds two conflicting beliefs or values.
||Cognitive dissonance can lead to changes in behavior or beliefs in order to reduce the discomfort.
||Cognitive dissonance can also lead to irrational decision-making and a lack of critical thinking.
- How do group dynamics influence behavioral conformity?
- How does informational influence impact our decision-making processes?
- Exploring power dynamics: How do they shape conformity and obedience behaviors?
- Examining famous obedience studies: What can we learn from them about human behavior?
- Common Mistakes And Misconceptions
- Related Resources
How do group dynamics influence behavioral conformity?
||Conformity is the act of changing one’s behavior or beliefs to match those of a group.
||The risk of conformity is that individuals may abandon their own beliefs and values in order to fit in with the group.
||Obedience is the act of following the orders or commands of an authority figure.
||The risk of obedience is that individuals may blindly follow orders without questioning their morality or consequences.
||Norms are the unwritten rules and expectations of behavior within a group.
||The risk of norms is that they may be oppressive or discriminatory towards certain individuals or groups.
||Groupthink is the tendency for a group to prioritize consensus and harmony over critical thinking and dissent.
||The risk of groupthink is that it can lead to poor decision-making and a lack of creativity or innovation.
||Peer pressure is the influence that individuals feel to conform to the expectations of their peers.
||The risk of peer pressure is that it can lead to individuals engaging in risky or harmful behaviors in order to fit in with the group.
||Social identity theory
||Social identity theory suggests that individuals derive their sense of self from their membership in social groups.
||The risk of social identity theory is that it can lead to in-group bias and out-group derogation, where individuals view their own group as superior and others as inferior.
||Deindividuation is the loss of self-awareness and individual identity that can occur in group settings.
||The risk of deindividuation is that it can lead to individuals engaging in impulsive or aggressive behaviors that they would not normally engage in as individuals.
||Minority influence occurs when a small group of individuals is able to influence the beliefs or behaviors of a larger group.
||The risk of minority influence is that it can be difficult for minority opinions to be heard or taken seriously in a group setting.
||Informational social influence
||Informational social influence occurs when individuals conform to the beliefs or behaviors of a group because they believe the group has more knowledge or expertise.
||The risk of informational social influence is that individuals may blindly follow the group without critically evaluating the information or expertise.
||Social comparison theory
||Social comparison theory suggests that individuals evaluate their own beliefs and behaviors by comparing themselves to others.
||The risk of social comparison theory is that individuals may engage in unhealthy or destructive behaviors in order to fit in with a group that they perceive as desirable or successful.
||Reference groups are the groups that individuals use as a standard for evaluating their own beliefs and behaviors.
||The risk of reference groups is that individuals may prioritize the opinions and expectations of the group over their own personal values and goals.
||In-group bias is the tendency for individuals to favor members of their own group over members of other groups.
||The risk of in-group bias is that it can lead to discrimination and prejudice towards members of other groups.
||Out-group derogation is the tendency for individuals to view members of other groups as inferior or less deserving of respect.
||The risk of out-group derogation is that it can lead to conflict and hostility between different groups.
||Group polarization is the tendency for a group to become more extreme in their beliefs or behaviors after discussing them with like-minded individuals.
||The risk of group polarization is that it can lead to the group becoming more extreme and intolerant towards opposing viewpoints.
How does informational influence impact our decision-making processes?
Exploring power dynamics: How do they shape conformity and obedience behaviors?
Examining famous obedience studies: What can we learn from them about human behavior?
Common Mistakes And Misconceptions
Identity, obedience and individual efforts against infectious diseases.
Identity, obedience and individual effort: virtues for a pandemic and an Olympic year.
Change over time in obedience: The jury’s still out, but it might be decreasing.
A behavioural study of obedience in health professional students.
Conformity, obedience, and the Better than Average Effect in health professional students.
Gratitude facilitates obedience: New evidence for the social alignment perspective.
Authority, conformity and obedience: Applying Friedrich’s theory of authority to the classics.
Obedience without orders: Expanding social psychology’s conception of ‘obedience’.
Blind obedience or plain stupidity?
Guidelines–for the obedience of fools and the guidance of wise men?
The power of the situation: The impact of Milgram’s obedience studies on personality and social psychology.
The (doubtful) role of financial reward in obedience to authority.
Personality predicts obedience in a Milgram paradigm.
Milgram’s obedience experiments: a rhetorical analysis.